IJBST 2017 Volume 10 Issue 10
International Journal of BioSciences and Technology (IJBST) ISSN: 0974-3987
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Variations in parasitic helminths of Amietophrynus species collected from similar habitats, Rivers State, Nigeria. Amuzie, Chidinma Charity and Ekerette, Idorenyin Bassey. IJBST (2017), 10(10):76-79
FULL TEXT SWF:
Variations in parasitic helminths of Amietophrynus species collected from similar habitats, Rivers State, Nigeria
Authors & Affiliation:
Amuzie, Chidinma Charity and Ekerette, Idorenyin Bassey
Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University, P.M.B. 5080, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Habitat differences are known to have direct and indirect effects on the parasitic helminths of amphibians. Amietophrynus maculatus and A. camerunensis were respectively collected from two residential areas located at Mgbuoba and Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria, for the examination of their helminth endo-parasites. Visual and acoustic survey method was employed for sampling and standard parasitological procedures were used. A total of seven parasites were recovered from the amphibians and one hundred per cent infection was observed in both locations. Five of the parasites were common to hosts from both locations and they were pentastomids (Raillietiella sp.), trematodes (Mesocoelium monodi) and nematodes (Amplicaecum africanum, Rhabdias africanus and Cosmocerca ornata). However, two other nematode parasite species were recovered from the hosts from Choba, which were not found in hosts from Mgbuoba, and they were Oswaldocruzia hoepplii and Chabaudus leberrei. Whereas prevalence and mean intensity of A. africanum infection were higher in A. camerunensis from Choba, both prevalence and mean intensity of infection with Raillietiella sp. were higher in hosts from Mgbuoba. Co-infection of Raillietiella sp. with R. africanus was observed in A. maculatus from Mgbuoba, suggesting that both parasites do not exclude each other.
Key words: Parasites, helminths, Amietophrynus species, Rivers State.